Arild Andersen (born 27 October 1945 in Lillestrøm, Norway) is a Norwegian bass player. Andersen started out as a member of the Jan Garbarek Quartet (1967–1973), with Terje Rypdal and Jon Christensen. In the same period he also worked with the Norwegian singer Karin Krog and played in the rhythm section for visiting American musicians including Phil Woods, Dexter Gordon, Bill Frisell, Hampton Hawes, Johnny Griffin, Sonny Rollins, Sheila Jordan, and Chick Corea. During this time, he also worked with Don Cherry, George Russell, Ferenc Snétberger and Tomasz Stańko. Andersen has recorded over a dozen albums for ECM Records as band leader and with Masqualero, and appeared on many others as side man. In January 2009 Andersen was named Musicien Europeen 2008 by the French Academie du Jazz.